Any scientific work – from creative design to final design – is unique and carried out very individually. Moreover, uniqueness is expressed not only in the novelty of the results obtained, but also in the choice and originality of the ways, ways and means of obtaining these results. The creative process is the movement to the desired result in the absence of a search algorithm, and this process can’t be predetermined in advance, but is formed in the course of the search itself. But, despite this, it is possible to identify some general methodological approaches to conducting scientific research.
Scientific research is a very laborious and complex process that requires constant high incandescence. If research is carried out indifferently, it turns into handicrafts and rarely gives something significant. Scientific creativity requires maximum stress of all the energy of a person, his thoughts and actions.
Carrying out scientific research, it is necessary to be scientifically objective. It is impossible to throw facts aside just because they are difficult to explain or to find practical application for them. The fact is that the essence of the new in science is not always visible to the researcher himself. New scientific facts and even discoveries due to the fact that their meaning is poorly disclosed, can for a long time remain in the reserve of science and not be used in practice.
In scientific research, everything is important. Focusing attention on the main or key issues of the topic, we can’t ignore the so-called indirect facts, which at first glance seem insignificant. It often happens that such facts hide the beginning of important discoveries.
In science, it is not enough to establish any new scientific fact, it is important to give it an explanation from the standpoint of science, to show general, theoretical or practical significance.
Accumulation of scientific facts in the process of research is a creative process, in the basis of which the scientist’s idea always lies, his name. In philosophical definition, the idea is a product of human thought, a form of reflection of reality. The idea differs from other forms of thinking and scientific knowledge in that it not only reflects the object of study, but also contains the consciousness of the goal, the prospects for cognition and the practical transformation of reality.
Ideas are born from practice, observation of the surrounding world and the needs of life. The idea is based on real facts and events.