In the process of study or research, often you have to write works on comparative analysis. For example, compare and compare two historical figures, two political theories, two social trends, two scientific processes, and so on. The classical structure of comparative analysis contains a comparison of several objects. The author’s goal is to identify and compare their similarities and differences.
There are various ways of comparative analysis. However, let us dwell on the key points that should be included in the work on comparative analysis.
Context in compare and contrast essay
Define the context against which you will conduct a comparative analysis. In other words, describe the problem, theory, idea, containing objects that you need to compare. For example, if you are analyzing two similar legal rules, it is advisable to touch on the problems in the field of law in which they are applied. For greater credibility, the basis should lie not your own conclusions, but a reference to authoritative sources. Comparative analysis outside the context will deprive you of the foundation on which you will build your arguments in the process of comparing the selected objects.
Grounds for comparison
In the study, you need to justify the reason why you are comparing the selected objects. For example, you decided to compare what is more useful for a healthy diet: cabbage or beets. Readers should show the logic that guided you when selecting objects for comparison. And explain why you do not compare the nutritional benefits of carrots and cucumber? This is necessary for the reader to see that your choice is logical and conscious, and not imposed or taken from the ceiling. So, indicate the reasons for your choice.
Arguments in compare and contrast essay
You write a comparative analysis, so it is logical to operate with facts that can and should be compared when comparing two objects. Your statements are designed to show how objects relate to each other. Supplement, enrich these objects with each other? Contradict, dispute, do they exclude each other? The purpose of the arguments put forward is to show the ratio of the two objects. Your facts are built on the basis of the context of the idea (problems, theories) from which you have selected the compared objects. Showing the ratio of objects, you can use the following words: “while”, “while”, “opposite”, “besides”, “supplementing”, “excluding”, etc.
Methods of comparative analysis
Writing the introductory part of the work: the context, the reasons for comparison and the arguments, determine how you will compare objects. There are three methods for this:
A) first set out all the pros and cons of the object X, then – the object Y.
B) sequentially compare in turn the similar elements of the objects X and Y.
С) compare X and Y, placing more emphasis on one of the objects. This method is recommended in case X and Y cannot be fully compared. So, object X can act as a tool to determine whether object Y corresponds to the arguments that you put forward before.
Relation of compared objects to arguments. The work will look like a whole if you show the relationship between objects and key arguments. Without such a connection, the reader will find it difficult to see how the next part of the object comparison correlates with the arguments.